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Physical education

Fitness assessment

Guilderland's fitness mission is to assist in making healthy lifestyle choices in order to develop, maintain, and improve personal fitness levels as part of a lifelong process.

The "Guilderland Fitness Assessment" measures the fitness of a student in five areas: cardio vascular endurance, body composition (BMI), flexibility, abdominal strength and endurance, and upper body strength and endurance.

"Healthy Zones" are listed for boys and girls and should be used as guides by the students in assessing their fitness levels. Norms are derived from the Physical Best and Fitnessgram Programs.

Cardio Vascular Endurance
This is a 1/4 mile run/walk for first graders, a 1/2 mile run/walk for second graders, and a 1 mile run/walk for third through twelfth graders. The students are encouraged to pace themselves and to keep moving as to give their best performance.

Body Composition (BMI)
The Body Mass Index (BMI) number listed on the card indicates the level a student is at concerning the makeup of his/her body. This test shows a relationship of muscle, bone and fat to the total composition of the body. A fairly wide range is noted to take into account that we are all different. If a student is anywhere within the range it should indicate that he/she is either exercising adequately, eating properly, has an active metabolism, or all three. If a student is above or below the norms, then eating and exercising should be addressed sensibly. A discussion with Physical Education teachers can be arranged to alleviate any concerns. Some older children who are within the range have talked of pursuing a lower number by sacrificing meals to become "skinner." This can be dangerous since healthy food is a building block to good growth. During Physical Education class, we discuss the difference between being too thin and being fit...striving to achieve a healthy level of "fitness" for mind and body.

Flexibility
This test measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring (back of thigh) muscles. It is administered utilizing a sit and reach chair. A standard of 25 cm. is the norm for all ages. (This is equivalent to touching toes with straight legs.)

Abdominal Strength and Endurance
A "cadence" cassette tape is used to administer abdominal strength and endurance test. The students perform bent knee curl-ups while the hands move forward and touch knees while keeping their arms straight. Students are encouraged to give their best effort while maintaining proper form.

Upper Body Strength and Endurance
A "cadence" cassette is also used to administer the push-up test. To ensure proper form (arms shoulder-width apart, straight body), each student must touch his/her chin to a paper cup placed between and even with the fingertips. Students are encouraged to give their best effort while maintaining proper form. 

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