2160-School District Officer and Employee Code of Ethics

The Board of Education is committed to avoiding any situation in which the existence of conflicting interests of any Board member, officer or employee may call into question the integrity of the management or operation of the school district. The Board recognizes that sound, ethical standards of conduct serve to increase the effectiveness of district officers and staff as educators and public employees in the community. Adherence to a code of ethics promotes public confidence in the schools and furthers the attainment of district goals.

The Board also recognizes its obligation to adopt a code of ethics setting forth the standards of conduct required of all Board members, district officers and employees under the provisions of the General Municipal Law. Therefore, every Board member, officer and employee of the district, whether paid or unpaid, shall adhere to the following code of ethics.


  • “Contract” is defined broadly to include any claim or demand against the district or account or agreement with the district, whether expressed or implied which exceeds the sum of $750.00 in any fiscal year.
  • An “interest” is defined as a direct or indirect benefit that runs to the employee as a result of a contract with the district.
  • “Officer or employee” means an officer or employee of the district, whether paid or unpaid, including members of the Board of Education, and their professional or nonprofessional staff and appointees.
  • “Volunteers” are those individuals who volunteer their time and service to the school district as a member of a committee, advisory group, or some other entity involved in the review, consideration, and recommendation to the school district administration and/or Board of Education concerning matters of public business.

Statutory Conflicts of Interest

A conflict of interest occurs when a Board member, officer or employee benefits personally from contracts made in their official capacity.

No Board member, officer or employee shall have an “interest” (i.e., receive a direct or indirect benefit as the result of a contract with the district) in:

  1. a firm, partnership or association in which he/she is a member or employee;
  2. a corporation in which he/she is an officer, director or employee;
  3. a corporation in which he/she, directly or indirectly, owns or controls 5% or more of the stock;
  4. a contract between the district and his/her spouse, minor child or dependents, except for an employment contract between the school district, a spouse, minor child or dependent of a Board member authorized by §800(3) of the General Municipal Law or §3016 of the
    Education Law.
  • Gifts: A Board member, officer or employee shall not directly or indirectly solicit any gift or accept or receive any gift having a value of $75 or more, whether in the form of money, services, loan, travel, entertainment, hospitality, thing or promise, or any other form, under circumstances in which it could reasonably be inferred that the gift was intended to influence him or her in the performance of his or her official duties or was intended as a reward for any official action on his or her part.
    However, the Board welcomes and encourages the writing of letters or notes expressing gratitude or appreciation to staff members. Gifts from children that are principally sentimental in nature and of insignificant financial value may be accepted in the spirit in which they are given.
  • Confidential information: A Board member, officer or employee shall not disclose confidential information acquired by him or her in the course of his or her official duties or use such information to further his or her personal interest. This includes matters discussed in executive session. However, the Board, acting as a whole, may decide to disclose such information where disclosure is not prohibited under the law.
  • Representation before the Board or District: A Board member, officer or employee shall not receive or enter into any agreement, expressed or implied, for compensation for services to be rendered in relation to any matter before the school district.
  • Disclosure of interest in matters before the Board: A Board member, officer or employee of the district, whether paid or unpaid, must publicly disclose the nature and extent of any interest they or their spouse have, will have or later acquire in any actual or proposed contract, purchase agreement, lease agreement or other agreement involving the school district (including oral agreements), to the governing body and his/her immediate supervisor (where applicable) even if it is not a prohibited interest under applicable law. Such disclosure must be in writing and made part of the official record of the school district. Disclosure is not required in the case of an interest that is exempted under Section 803(2) of the General Municipal Law. The term “interest” means a pecuniary or material benefit accruing to an officer or employee.
  • Investments in conflict with official duties: A Board member, officer or employee shall not invest or hold any investment directly in any financial, business, commercial or other private transaction that creates a conflict with his or her official duties. Exceptions to the conflict of interest law can be found in Section 802 of the General Municipal Law (see 2160-E.1).
  • Private employment: A Board member, officer or employee shall not engage in, solicit, negotiate for or promise to accept private employment when that employment or service creates a conflict with or impairs the proper discharge of his or her official duties.
  • Future employment: A Board member, officer or employee shall not, after the termination of service or employment with the district, appear before the Board in relation to any action, proceeding, or application in which he or she personally participated during the period of his or her service or employment or that was under his or her active consideration.
  • Involvement with Charitable Organizations: A Board member, officer or employee may be involved as a volunteer, officer or employee in a charitable organization which has a relationship with the district. If a Board member is a board member, officer or employee of the charitable organization the Board member must disclose such relationship in writing to the district, and the Board member must recuse himself or herself from any discussions or votes relating to the charitable organization which may come before the Board. When participating in the activities of the charitable organization, the Board member, officer or employee shall not disclose any confidential information learned in the course of his or her official duties or use such information to further personal interests. Additionally, the Board member, officer or employee shall not make representations on behalf of the district unless specifically authorized to do so by the Board.
  • Preferential treatment of students: No person shall attempt to secure preferential treatment for any student attending the schools of the district
  • Personnel practice: Merit shall be the controlling criteria in the district’s hiring process, which includes screening by supervisory personnel, recommendations for appointment by the Superintendent to the Board, and appointments by the Board. For the purposes of this regulation, “merit” shall mean the selection of the best qualified candidate for a particular position at the time such position is being filled, after objective screening, interviewing, and comparison of the qualifications of all candidates for the position at that time. Distortion or violation of this principle or variation from it through the use of influence, contacts, or personal relationships shall not be permitted.
  • Nepotism: Any member of the immediate family of a Board member, or the
    Superintendent may be employed by the school district for any part time (20 hours if hourly employee or .5 FTE if salaried) or full time contractual position only if approved by a 2/3rds vote as required by law and defined in the decisions of the Commissioner of Education. This statement shall not apply in employment situations which existed prior to the time a person became Superintendent, or a member of the Board, or in cases where the administrator or Board member marries a district employee. In addition, no person upon whom this code is binding shall take part in screening candidates for a position for which his or her relative is an applicant. In cases where a member of a Board member’s family is being considered for employment, it is expected that the Board member would disclose the relationship and recuse him/herself when a vote is taken.
  • Any member of the Board of Education, employee of the district, or volunteer serving the interest of the school district on any committee or deliberative body shall fully disclose any actual, potential, or perceived conflict of interest that individual may have relating to the matter being discussed. Such disclosure shall be made even if such “interest” is not prohibited conflict of interest as such is set forth by the General Municipal Law or the district’s Code of Ethics Policy and Regulations set forth herein. The purpose of such disclosure is to assess whether any such interest is prohibited and, if not, to insure that all members of any committee or deliberative body are aware of such interest. The objective of such disclosure is to insure transparency of school district decisions and recommendations to best serve the public interest of the school district.
  • At the beginning of each Board member’s term of office, the trustee shall review and sign the School Board Ethics Guidelines (see 2160-E).

Distribution of Code of Ethics

The Superintendent of Schools shall cause a copy of this Code of Ethics to be distributed to every member of the Board, every officer and employee of the school district. Each officer and employee elected or appointed thereafter shall be furnished a copy before entering upon the duties of his or her office or employment. In addition, the Superintendent shall ensure that a copy of Article 18 of the General Municipal Law shall be posted in each public building under the district’s jurisdiction in a place conspicuous to the district’s officers and employees.


In addition to any penalty contained in any other provision of law, any person who shall knowingly and intentionally violate any of the provisions of the board’s code of ethics and its accompanying regulation may be fined, suspended or removed from office or employment, as the case may be, in the manner provided by law.

Ref: General Municipal Law §§806-808
Opn. St. Comp. 2008-01
Application of the Board of Education, 57 EDR Dec. No. 17,147 (2017)
Application of Nett and Raby, 45 EDR 259 (2005)

Adopted October 24, 1995
Revised June 20, 2006
Adopted March 8, 2011
Adopted January 6, 2015
Replaced, Adopted January 23, 2018

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